german infinitive constructions

after nouns; Ich habe keine Zeit, Sport zu treiben. Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with or without the preposition zu. It was easy to see. Example: Ich kann bald wie ein Profi spielen. Ich habe keine Lust. Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. Well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think. Es ist schwierig zu verstehen. In German grammar, the infinitive is often used together with a conjugated verb. With Lingolia’s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use the infinitive without zu. ohne . All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. 4: Verbs with prefixes; adjective endings, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Ich helfe ihm nicht. Verbs stand in final position in dependent clauses and phrases. . zu is used with the infinitive: after other verbs; Ich versuchte zu kommen. . It’s hard to understand. Please send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng@wisc.edu. In the interactive exercises you can test your knowledge. But there is a grammatical construction, where the German infinitive plays a more difficult role: The German infinitive … Sie liest nicht jeden Tag die Zeitung. Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. The German infinitive! Most German infinitives end with -en (springen/to jump), but there are also some verbs that end in the infinitive with -ern, -eln, -n (wandern/to wander, hike, sammeln/to collect, sein/to be). Of course, the infinitive forms of German verbs are not too complicated. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are … Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. Infinitive constructions in German. In the same way English does, German permits infinitive phrases to refer to completed actions, by using an infinitive form of present-perfect tense. I’ll be able to play like a pro soon. Using the infinitive. Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. Privacy policy. zu + infinitive = “instead of” + present participle. . . © 2020 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. Sie hat keine Zeit. Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. Compare the preceding, modal example with the following, completed-action example. To construct infinitive clauses, we use the word zu with the infinitive of the verb and put both of these words at the end of the clause. zu + infinitive = “without” + present participle. I don’t have the time to do any sport. Common Infinitive Constructions. anstatt (sometimes statt) . She has no time to read the paper every day. Word Order in German Infinitive Clauses. . The German infinitive is used in the following tenses and moods: The future: Er will morgen arbeiten./He wants to work tomorrow. Infinitive constructions in German. She studies hard in order to pass the exam. Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. Tenses and Moods . It is the -en form of the verb in German. Instead of working we went to the cinema (movies). zu + infinitive = “in order to”. after adjectives; Es war leicht zu sehen. Sie hat keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. We travelled to France without visiting Paris. This construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive construction. Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. I tried to come. → Ich hoffe, bald wie ein Profi spielen zu können. To make your German flow, you can link two clauses by using um...zu…, which means 'in order to'. . As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: There are three prepositions that in infinitive clauses take on special but commonly used meanings: um .

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