italian nouns gender list

from another one. The gender of Italian nouns can be often established by looking at the word ending, but there are many exceptions. Masculine nouns to memorize include: Nouns ending -ione are generally feminine, while nouns ending in -ore are almost always masculine, as demonstrated by the examples in this table. And by following some simple rules, you can learn to classify the great majority of Italian nouns. Le reclute sono arrivate. However, there is not always a correspondence between "grammar" gender and "natural" gender. (not bravo)The soprano is good. "Cinema” comes from cinematografo, making it a masculine noun. You need to memorize the gender of these nouns. The names of metals and chemical elements: The names of the months and days of the week (except Sunday): The names of mountains, seas, rivers, and lakes: The names of the sciences and in general abstract notions: The names of continents, states, regions, cities, and islands. There are some simple rules that will enable you to work out the gender of a very large number of Italian nouns from their last letter in the singular: nearly all words ending in –o are masculine. Feminine nouns end with -a for singular, -e for plural (ragazza – ragazze); 3. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In Italian every noun has a gender (masculine or feminine) and a number (singular or plural). When you start learning Italian grammar, you’ll hear one concept often: Everything in Italian must agree in gender and number. In Italian, the gender of a noun can be maschile (masculine) or femminile (feminine). 1. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Formation of Italian Plural Nouns Ending in -O, Italian Indefinite Articles - Articoli Indeterminativi, Adjectives in Italian: Form and Agreement, Italian Direct Object Pronouns With Passato Prossimo, When to Use the Partitive Article in Italian, Conjugating Italian Verbs in the Passive Tense, Un caffè (one coffee) = due caffè (two coffees), Un film (one movie) = due film (two movies), Una foto (one photo) = due foto (two photos). Masculine nouns end with -o for singular, -i for plural (ragazzo – ragazzi); 2. Generally, singular nouns ending in -o are masculine while nouns ending in -a are feminine. Usually, Italian singular masculine nouns end in -o, while feminine nouns end in –a(-tà). In Italian, common and proper nouns can be feminine or masculine, singular or plural. Unlike English, there are four possible endings instead of English’s one, as shown in these tables: Nouns ending with an accented vowel or a consonant do not change in the plural, nor do abbreviated words, as in these examples: Learning the gender and number of each noun takes practice, so don’t stress if you still make mistakes. In order to know the gender of a noun, you only have to check its ending. Other common words covered by this rule include those that would seem to be masculine (ending in -o), but are actually feminine because the words from which they are derived are feminine (ending in -a): Similar to English, Italian has a different ending when a noun is singular or plural. Examples of -a endings include -ma, -ista and -a: 1. il problemma(problem) 2. il tema(theme) 3. il cinema(theater) 4. il sistema(system) 5. il programma(program) 6. il clima(climate) 7. l’artista(artist) 8. il dentista(dentist) 9. il giornalista(journal… Words like “bar” that end in a consonant are generally masculine, such as autobus, film, or sport. For the nouns of things (both concrete and abstract) the distinction between genere maschile or genere femminile is purely conventional; only with use over time have words such as abito, fiume, and clima been assigned the masculine gender, while others such as cenere, sedia, crisi have been established as feminine. There are a number of exceptions, like il poeta, "the poet," being masculine, but you can stick to the rule above when in doubt. The goal of learning a foreign language will always be connection instead of perfection.

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