when was edith cavell born

Encyclopedia.com. Four weeks after the United States entered the war, President Woodrow Wilson created a War Council for the Red Cross, transforming the organization into an "arm of the government," and embarked on a $100 million fundraising campaign. Edith Cavell was a pioneering British nurse who was court martialled and executed by the German forces occupying Belgium during the First World War in 1915. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/educational-magazines/edith-cavell, "Edith Cavell ∎ dated a person employed or trained to take charge of young…, Seacole, Mary She was superintendent of the medical institute in Brussels when World War I broke out in the summer of 1914. Occupation: NurseDied: 12 October 1915Best known for: Her work as a nurse in the First World War — and for being sentenced to death for helping Allied soldiers escape German territory. It was a perfect role, enabling her to use her skills as a teacher, linguist and senior nurse. For more details, see the American Red Cross Web site at www.redcross.org. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Early life. "Edith Cavell But, in the face of such an injustice, Cavell maintained her strong Christian convictions: she told her chaplain on the night before she died that she would not have any hatred or bitterness towards anyone. "Edith Cavell . Edith Louisa Cavell was born on December 4th 1865 in Swardeston, a small village not far from Norwich in Norfolk where her father was the Reverend. In Trafalgar Square, London, a monument that honors her is inscribed with her own words: "Patriotism is not enough. New York: Stein and Day, 1975. It was not until 1919, however, that Edith Cavell's body was disinterred (dug up) and returned to England, amidst a huge outpouring of public grief. Edith Cavell was a nurse and a Christian, who sheltered soldiers in WW1 despite it leading to her execution. Edith Cavell's execution helped fuel the wartime belief that the Germans were brutal. World War I Reference Library. Encyclopedia.com. Allied soldiers were hidden, given civilian clothes and false papers, then safe passage to the neutral Netherlands was organised. It was a devout household which began and ended the day with prayers and Bible readings. Prayers and services were part of everyday life. The Cavell’s Vicarage in Swardeston, now a private house. In the days just before World War I began, Edith Cavell was on summer vacation with her mother in England—her father had died in 1910. Underground resistance among the Belgians and French began to grow. Edith Cavell was born at Swardeston in Norfolk in December 1865, and was the eldest of four children. The sentence, therefore, was not justifiable." Her death caught the notice of British propagandists (people who spread information to further or damage a cause), who portrayed this execution of a humanitarian as yet another example of German brutality. In 1907, thanks to connections she had with the family she had worked for in Brussels, Cavell received an invitation that would change her life. Never losing a sense of courage and cheerfulness in the face of adversity, Cavell described the horrors of the war in letters to family and friends and as a war correspondent for a British magazine read by nurses. She donated money to a hospital in Bavaria (a region in Germany) for the purchase of medical equipment and became known as the "English Angel" for her generosity. Hearing news of the impending war, she hurried back to Brussels, reportedly writing to one friend, "My duty is with my nurses," according to biographer Rowland Ryder. Nurses knelt to pray on the wards. After the war, in March 1919, Cavell’s body was exhumed and returned to Britain. December 4, 1865Swardeston, Norfolk, EnglandOctober 12, 1915Brussels, Belgium. They watched the hospital and sprang surprise searches. After graduating, she returned home to Swardeston and taught at the Sunday school in her father's church, selling Christmas cards and her own watercolors to help raise money for the school. Letters from one of them, Helen Fairchild of Allentown, Pennsylvania, were reprinted in the Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine in November 1997 (also available online at http://www.ukans.edu/~kansite/ww_one/medical/MaMh/MyAunt.htm). In October, Cavell and thirty-four other prisoners, including Princess Marie de Croÿ, were put on trial. She was the eldest of the four children of the Reverend Frederick Cavell (1824–1910) and his wife Louisa Sophia Warming (1835–1918). Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. For example, in the magazine Nursing Mirror, Cavell expressed sympathy for both sides; biographer Ryder quotes her words regarding the German soldiers: "We were divided between pity for these poor fellows, far from their country and their people, suffering the weariness and fatigue of an arduous [difficult] campaign, and hate of a cruel and vindictive foe, bringing ruin and desolation on hundreds of happy homes and to a prosperous and peaceful land… ." Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. When Cavell's body was brought back to England after the war, bells rang and thousands of people gathered by the train tracks to honor her funeral procession as it made its way from Dover to London. Cavell had helped Belgian hospitals establish a modernized system of nursing education and patient care and had sheltered Allied soldiers in the clinic she supervised. Born in 1865 in Swardeston, England, Edith Cavell was 30 when she chose nursing as a professional career. World War I Reference Library. Through her connections from her time as a governess there, Edith Cavell was approached to become its first matron in 1907. Between February and July 1915, she sheltered 170 allied soldiers at the training hospital, often arranging for guides to get them to the Dutch border. Fairchild served in France and Belgium during the Battle of Passchendaele during World WarI. Edith Cavell, in full Edith Louisa Cavell, (born December 4, 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, England—died October 12, 1915, Brussels, Belgium), English nurse who became a popular heroine of World War I and was executed for assisting Allied soldiers in escaping from German-occupied Belgium. She taught in the Sunday School at her home church after leaving school in Peterborough.Governess and nurseAt 21 Edith Cavell became governess for the children of an Essex vicar. During her European trip, Edith Cavell's humanitarian instincts first surfaced. The first part of her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey. Cavell's clinic became a safe house where many of these men stayed while trying to get out of Belgium. We have published a cookies policy, which you should read to find out more about how we use cookies. Judson, Helen. Edith Cavell (1865-1915) was a British nurse, working in German-occupied Belgium during the First World War. British war nurse Mary Seacole (1805–1881) cared for the wounded and maimed during the Crimean War of the 1850s, but her fame was eclip…, Definition

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