wood duck facts

Make sure you put it up well before breeding season. Wood Ducks cannot make their own cavities. The female lines the nest with down feathers she takes from her breast. Chicks hatch alert and with a full coat of down. Beautiful and unique, this duck of woodland ponds and river swamps has no close relatives, except for the Mandarin Duck of eastern Asia. Its recovery to healthy numbers was an early triumph of wildlife management. They may also perform specific preening, drinking and shaking movements during this time. Nest cavities can have openings as small as 4 inches across, and these may be preferred because they are harder for predators to enter. The markings of both the male and female always make getting a good shot of a Wood Duck worth a trip to the marsh. The male stands outside as the female enters and examines the site. Individual females typically lay 10-11 eggs per clutch, but some very full nests have been found containing 29 eggs, the result of egg-dumping.Back to top, Wood Duck populations increased between 1966 and 2015 according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. The Wood Duck was hunted nearly to extinction during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This is good news considering their dramatic declines in the late 19th century. Once in danger of extinction from overhunting and habitat destruction, the species has been saved by diligent conservation efforts. The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Wood ducks have a number of interesting traits and adaptations that help them survive. 2. Wood Ducks, in southern regions, produce two broods in a single season—the only North American duck that can do so. During the courting season, the drakes swim in front of females with their tail and wings elevated to impress them. What is a mandarin duck? They mainly eat berries, acorns, and seeds, but also insects, making them omnivores. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Wood Ducks seem to fare best when open water alternates with 50–75% vegetative cover that the ducks can hide and forage in. Abundant in eastern North America in Audubon's time, the Wood Duck population declined seriously during the late 19th century because of hunting and loss of nesting sites. I am glad that you like the site and that you found it helpful for your project. Wood duck, (Aix sponsa), small colourful North American perching duck (family Anatidae), a popular game bird. Woodpecker cavities are used less frequently. The top of the bird's head and crest are a metallic purplish-green. Interesting Facts About the Wood Duck. Breeding pairs search for nest cavities during early morning. These birds live in wooded swamps, where they nest in holes in trees or in nest boxes put up around lake margins. Abundant in eastern North America in Audubon's time, the Wood Duck population declined seriously during the late 19th century because of hunting and loss of nesting sites. This article confirms some of the most appealing wood duck facts. The wood duck's weight ranges from 454-862 g (16.0-30.4 oz) . These birds live in wooded swamps, where they nest in holes in trees or in nest boxes put up around lake margins. These species are also known as Carolina Duck and are endemic to North America. Wood Duck rates an 8 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List.Back to top. The male wood duck is one of the most recognizable birds in the United States. (2013). When aquatic foods are unavailable they may take to dry land to eat acorns and other nuts from forests and grain from fields. Males are iridescent green and chestnut, with ornate patterns on almost every feather, while the elegant female has a delicate white pattern around her eye and a distinctive profile. Donate Bitcoins: 1PijmZd8QTTzBXWBpnHLpzCgEJAv4piBBf, this is a good website for my project and to learn. Wood Ducks sometimes use much larger openings, up to a couple of feet across. A female wood duck lays anywhere from 6 to 15 eggs. The Australian Wood Duck can be distinguished from pygmy geese,Nettapus spp, which are smaller, have bold white face markings and are usually seen on water. i did not find any info about a wood duck, @ Richard Keller - With Me Photography - All Rights Reserved, 9 Interesting Facts about the Ring-Necked Duck, 8 Interesting Facts about the Green-Winged Teal, The Wood Duck is also known as the Carolina Duck, The Wood Duck’s breeding habitat is wooded swamps, shallow lakes, marshes or ponds, and creeks. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA. (2014). Wood Ducks are not territorial, with the exception that a male may fight off other males that approach his mate too closely. Wood Ducks attain reproductive maturity during the first year of their lives. Males are iridescent chestnut and green, with ornate patterns on nearly every feather; the elegant females have a distinctive profile and delicate white pattern around the eye. The incubation period of this species varies from 28 to 32 days, depending on populations and distribution range. 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, building a nest box of the appropriate size. You'll find plans for building a nest box of the appropriate size on our All About Birdhouses site. Attach a guard to keep predators from raiding eggs and young. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA. They typically choose a tree more than 1 foot and often 2 feet in diameter, with a cavity anywhere from 2–60 feet high (higher sites seem to be preferred). I’m very glad that you found this information helpful for your project. The nest tree is normally situated near to or over water, though Wood Ducks will use cavities up to 1.2 miles from water. They jump from the nesting cavity, often high up in a tree, to the ground or water. Wood Ducks feed by dabbling or walking on land. First year having a box and got wood ducks within weeks. Hepp, Gary R. and Frank C. Bellrose. The Wood Duck is also known as the Carolina Duck; The Wood Duck’s breeding habitat is wooded swamps, shallow lakes, marshes or ponds, and creeks; Wood Ducks feed by dabbling or walking on land. 1. 27 Mandarin Duck Facts. (2019). A typical adult is from 47 to 54 cm (19 to 21 in) in length with a wingspan of between 66 to 73 cm (26 to 29 in). These cavities are typically places where a branch has broken off and the tree's heartwood has subsequently rotted. While these ducks are beautiful, they are also well adapted for their aquatic lifestyle. Whistling ducks, Dendrocygna spp, have longer legs and necks, larger more duck-like bills and tend to walk more upright. Males are iridescent chestnut and green, with ornate patterns on nearly every feather; the elegant females have a distinctive profile and delicate white pattern around the eye. Unlike many ducks that fly silently past, the Wood Duck will often announce that it is coming with its piercing call. If a female can’t find a good place to lay her eggs, she will use another wood duck nest that already has eggs in it. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Wood Ducks can be found throughout the year in the U.S., with some individuals breeding in Canada, and some wintering in Mexico. Explore Birds of the World to learn more. Wood Ducks thrive in bottomland forests, swamps, freshwater marshes, and beaver ponds. Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl(Order: Anseriformes, Family:Anatidae). Version 2.07.2017. Egg-dumping, or "intraspecific brood parasitism" is common in Wood Ducks—females visit other Wood Duck cavities, lay eggs in them, and leave them to be raised by the other female. Its recovery to healthy numbers was an early triumph of wildlife management. They are also common along streams of all sizes, from creeks to rivers, and the sheer extent of these make them an important habitat. They prefer nesting over water so the young have a soft landing, but will nest up to 150 yd away from the shoreline. Wood Duck (Aix sponsa), version 2.0. A day after hatching they leave the nest by jumping out of the entrance. The markings of the male wood duck include red eyes and a red bill with a yellow patch at the base. Management procedures have been successful and there are now well over a million Wood Ducks in North America. However, if nesting boxes are placed too close together, females may lay eggs in the nests of their neighbors, which may lead to nests which may contain as many as 30 eggs and unsuccessful incubation, a behavior known as “nest dumping”. Female wood ducks lays up to 15 eggs. It shares its genus with the Asian Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata). Cavity depths are variable; they average about 2 feet deep but in rotten trees can be 15 feet deep (the young use their clawed feet to climb out). After hatching, the Wood Duck ducklings jump down from the nest tree and make their way to water. I’m grateful the advance warning. Let’s jump right into some interesting facts about Wood Ducks. Longevity records of North American birds. Beautiful and unique, this duck of woodland ponds and river swamps has no close relatives, except for the Mandarin Duck of eastern Asia. Consider putting up a nest box to attract a breeding pair. Examples of food eaten include acorns, soybeans, smartweed, water primrose, panic grass, duckweed, millet, waterlily, blackberries and wild cherries, as well as flies, beetles, caterpillars, isopods, and snails.Back to top.

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